Professor, Nutritional Sciences
Professor, Public Health
Professor, Physiological Sciences - GIDP
Scott Going, Ph.D., is Department Head and Professor in the Department of Nutritional Sciences. He is also Director of the Center for Physical Activity and Nutrition, and Co-Director of the Collaboratory for Metabolic Disease Prevention and Treatment. He has adjunct appointments in Physiology (COM), Public Health (COPH), the Arizona Arthritis Center, Sarver Heart Center and the Arizona Center on Aging.
His research interests include development of methods and models for body composition assessment, changes in body composition during growth and development in children and with aging in older adults, and the effects of exercise and diet on bone, soft tissue composition, functional capacity and health. His research is funded by The National Institutes of Health (NIDDK, NIAMS and NICHD), the U.S. Department of Agriculture (Human Nutrition: Obesity Initiative), the U.S. Department of Education, and the Science Foundation of Arizona. He is investigating the effects of exercise on bone macroarchitecture and strength in girls, the effects of exercise on strength, body composition and functional capacity in patients with osteoarthritis and rheumatoid arthritis, and muscle loss, hip geometry and fracture risk in postmenopausal women. He also has funded projects aimed at promoting physical activity and diet for obesity prevention in children and weight loss in adults. Recent work has shown that excess adiposity, generally thought to augment bone, in fact is detrimental for bone development in girls. Dr. Going’s work in the area of pediatric obesity and health has contributed to new health-related obesity standards for children and adolescents.
Dr Going was a Founding Member of the Arizona Osteoporosis Coalition and contributed to the award winning state-wide Bone Builders program. Building on findings from the BEST study, Bone Builders is based on a community participatory model which engages and trains volunteers to work in their communities to promote awareness of osteoporosis, provide education and deliver effective, research based, prevention strategies. The program also provides support and access to osteoporosis screening in communities around Arizona. Dr Going has over 20 years of experience in community participatory programs derived from his ongoing research programs, demonstrating his commitment to translating research into effective community programs.
Current projects focus on the development of body composition standards for youth and adults, school-based integrated physical activity and nutrition programs, sarcopenia, hip geometry and fractures in postmenopausal women, and the effects of exercise interventions on skeletal development and health in children and patients with knee osteoarthritis and rheumatoid arthritis.
Dr. Going led the Schools Team of the Communities Putting Prevention to Work, a two year grant funded by American Recovery and Restoration Act investing $15.9 million to support the Pima County Public Health Department and Activate Tucson Coalition efforts to reduce obesity, increase physical activity and improve nutrition. Its aim created partnerships at multiple levels that supported policy initiatives, changes in built environment, and programs that improved access to healthy foods and increased physical activity for all county residents of all ages. The Schools Team launched more than 150 School Health Advisory Councils in 11 school districts, and trained wellness and district coordinators on how to improve nutrition and physical activity in public schools. Approximately 160 produce bars were established in county school cafeterias to encourage fruit and vegetable consumption among students.
Director of the Body Composition Research Laboratory and University of Arizona, Center for Physical Activity and Nutrition. Expertise in body composition assessment methods, including dual energy x-ray absorptiometry, and physical activity assessment, exercise training and physical activity interventions, and promotion of health-related behaviors including physical activity and diet.
- Going SB and Davis R. Body composition assessment. In: Resource Manual for Guidelines for Exercise Testing, and Prescription, 3rd edition. Lea and Febiger, Philadelphia, PA., Chapter 45, pp 378-386, 1998.
- Lohman TG, Caballero B, Himes J, Hunsberger S, Houtkooper L, Going SB, Weber J, Reid R, Davis CE, Stewart, D, and Stephenson L. Estimation of body fat from anthropometry and bioelectrical impedance in Native American children. International Journal of Obesity, 24:1-7, 2000.
- Sardinha, L.B., Teixeira, P.J., Guedes, D.P., Going, S.B., and Lohman, T.G. Subcutaneous central fat is associated with cardiovascular risk factors in men independently of total fatness and fitness. Metabolism, 49:1379-1385, 2000.
- Blew, R.M., Sardinha, L.B., Milliken, L.A., Teixeira, P.J., Going, S.B., Ferreira, D.L., Harris, M.M., Houtkooper, L.B., and Lohman, T.G. Assessing the validity of body mass index standards in early postmenopausal women. Obesity Research, 10(8), 799-808, 2002.
- Lohman T, Thompson J, Going S, Himes JH, Caballero B, Norman J, Cano S, and Ring K. Indices of changes in adiposity in American Indian children small star, filled. Prev Med 37 Suppl 1: S91-96, 2003.
- Nichols, J. F., Going, S., Loftin, M., Stewart, D., Nowicki, E. M., Pickrel, J. Comparison of Two Bioelectrical Impedance Analysis (BIA) Instruments for Determining Body Composition in Adolescent Girls. International Journal of Body Composition Research. 2006; 4(4):153-159.
- Houtkooper LB, Going SB, Lohman TG, Roche AF, Van Loan M. Bioelectrical impedance estimation of fat-free body mass in children and youth: a cross-validation study. J Appl Physiol. 1992 Jan;72(1):366-73. PMID: 1537738.
- Going, S., Nichols, J., Loftin, M., Stewart, D., Lohman, T., Tuuri, G., Ring. K., Pickrel, J., Blew, R., Stevens, J. Validation of Bioelectrical Impedance Analysis (BIA) in Black, White and Hispanic Adolescent Girls. International Journal of Body Composition Research. 2006; 4(4):161-167.
- Loftin, M., Nichols, J., Going, S., Sothern, M., Schmitz, K.H., Ring, K., Tuuri, G., and Stevens, J., Comparison of the Validity of Anthropometric and Bioelectric Impedance Equations to Assess Body Composition in Adolescent Girls. International Journal of Body Composition, 5(1):1-8, 2007. PMID: PMC18163160